Diabetes, Heart Conditions, and Obesity

Diabetes

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus* is a metabolic disorder, which prevents the body from producing insulin or using it properly. Insulin is an important hormone produced by the pancreas which helps in converting glucose into energy. Diabetes is characterized by high levels of blood glucose, a condition known as hyperglycemia. The two major types of diabetes are:
 

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

 

Type 1 diabetes is less common and its onset is noticed mainly during childhood or adolescence, but type 2 diabetes is more common in middle aged people. Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal diseases, adult blindness and amputations.

 

(*Please note that we are not discussing "diabetes insipidus" or DI, here. This form of diabetes is not related to Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.

 

 

Heart Conditions

Heart Conditions or heart diseases are one of the main causes of death in the US. The common types of Heart Conditions are:

 

  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Ischaemic heart disease
  • Inflammatory heart disease
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Heart failure

 

Among them, coronary heart disease is the major cause for heart attacks. A few precautions like controlling your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, exercising regularly, and giving up habits like smoking will help reduce your risk of suffering from Heart Conditions.

 

 

Obesity

Obesity is one of the biggest causes of concern in the US and is defined as the excessive or abnormal accumulation of fat in the body. It is usually measured in BMI or Body Mass Index. But measuring obesity for seniors poses certain difficulties as there are changes in the composition of the body as you age. As you grow older, the muscle mass decreases and body fat increases. This gives rise to a condition called sarcopenic obesity. Obesity can lead to diabetes, strokes, hypertension and osteoarthiritis.